Cellulitis: Orbital Vs. Periorbital

cellulitis around eyeeye infections

Dealing with any sort of infection can be a really concerning thing and, as you explore the details of your particular issues, you may be looking at a lot of information related to what it is that you need to try and sort out. Infections can be dangerous and

That being said, if you’re looking at an infection like cellulitis around eyes, then you are going to be exploring a lot of different things that are essential to taking care of problems. There are two main types of cellulitis around the eye – orbital, and periorbital. What are the differences between these two types of cellulitis? Let’s take a closer look.

Orbital Cellulitis

Orbital cellulitis is the more severe of the two types of cellulitis, mainly because it is actually found around the eye (hence “orbital). This infection usually comes from your sinuses or somewhere else around the eyes, making it difficult to prevent. The area is going to swell immensely and cause the patient to have red, bulging eyes. The eyes and the areas around them will have a lot of pain, and it’s likely that the patient is going to be dealing with impaired vision and slower eye movements as a part of the problem as well.

Preseptal or Periorbital Cellulitis

Periorbital cellulitis, sometimes also referred to as preseptal cellulitis, is an infection that primarily affects the eyelid and the skin that is around your orbital septum (hence why it’s sometimes called preseptal). While some adults will deal with this from time to time, it’s much more common in kids under the age of 2. More often than not, this type of cellulitis is just caused by injuries, insect or animal bites, pink eye, or other common eye problems. Redness and swelling usually occurs, along with tenderness and pain.

How Are They Treated?

Since your vision is an essential part of your day-to-day life, doctors are very likely to do some intense levels of care in order to take care of any eye infections. Technology has made loss of vision from cellulitis (specifically orbital) much less common nowadays, it’s still essential to take care of it as soon as possible.

With orbital cellulitis, a hospital stay is necessary because of the threat of vision loss if it’s not treated properly. Antibiotics are often given to the patient through their vein in hopes of dealing with the issue much more quickly. In periorbital cellulitis, 24 to 48 hours of intense antibiotics are necessary, and then you’ll have a follow-up appointment to make sure that the infection is cleared up.

If you are concerned that there is an issue with your eye and that infection may be what you’re dealing with, be sure that you go to your doctor or the emergency room as soon as you’re able to do so. This can help to prevent more severe issues and ensure that you are getting the help that you need before it becomes even more of an issue.